Adjustment and Psychological Evolution in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome after Participation in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

Authors

  • Eva León-Zarceño Departamento Ciencias del Comportamiento y Salud. Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
  • Salvador Boix Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Isabel I
  • Vicente Arrarte Servicio de Cardiología del Hospital General Universitario de Alicante
  • Enrique Cantón Departamento de Psicología Básica. Universidad de Valencia,
  • Miguel Ángel Serrano-Rosa Departamento de Psicobiología, Universidad de Valencia,

Keywords:

Acute coronary syndrome, Physical activity, Cardiac rehabilitation, Mental health

Abstract

The psychological variables have a special relevance in the coronary affectations. The aim of the present work was to study the evolution of different psychological variables, of quality of life and of adjustment psychosocial, in patients who have suffered an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and attended a cardiac rehabilitation program, which included, among other, a module of physical activity. The measurements were made when the ACS debuted and 3 months after the cardiac event in a total of 146 men (57.86 years of age (dt = 9.45)) who had undergone a diagnostic catheterization with therapeutic intent within 3 days. The study design was of the quasi-experimental, prospective and longitudinal type. The results at 3 months after suffering the cardiac event show lower levels of anxiety (Cohen’s d = .61; p < .01), depression (Cohen’s d = .33; p < .05), psychological distress (Cohen’s d =. 72; p < .01) and anger (Cohen’s d = .34; p < .01), and higher personal strength scores (Cohen’s d = .37; p < .01) or life appreciation (Cohen’s d =. 35, p < .01). In the ACS, knowing the psychosocial evolution of the patient is considered fundamental next to the usual medical control.

Cambios en crecimiento postraumático

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Published

2020-09-30

How to Cite

León-Zarceño, E. ., Boix, S. ., Arrarte, V., Cantón, E. ., & Ángel Serrano-Rosa, M. . (2020). Adjustment and Psychological Evolution in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome after Participation in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Revista De Psicología Del Deporte (Journal of Sport Psychology), 29(2), 65–72. Retrieved from https://rpd-online.com/index.php/rpd/article/view/10