Challenges in application of German higher vocational education mechanism in Chinese School-enterprises
This research study examined the historical development, implementation institutions, teaching models, and other aspects of German higher vocational education (HVE) in relation to the adoption of School-enterprise (S-E) cooperation in the Chinese HVE. The evidence was collected through feedback, evaluation indexes, and weights of the effectiveness of the “dual system” that is the backbone of S-E collaboration in vocational education. In order to test the practicability, reliability, stability, and operability of the evaluation model, for the feasibility of research, the “dual-system” of S-E cooperation in the Chinese higher vocational colleges was selected as the subject of this research. The objective was to test the effectiveness of the S-E cooperation in vocational education running in China. A comprehensive evaluation index system for the point of S-E cooperation in vocational education in China was constructed. It was supported by the fuzzy evaluation method of S-E collaboration in Chinese vocational education. The scale collected self-evaluation data and used the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model to measure the extent of the S-E cooperation in China's vocational education. It was evident due to the varying differences between Germany and China. It was too difficult to adopt the German model of S-E cooperation in the Chinese vocational school unless an innovative approach was adopted. The study recommends adopting innovative measures and customizing the HVE programs in accordance with the Chinese socio-cultural practices and individual requirements of individual students.